The EU Council launched the “IRINI” operation on March 31 to impose the arms embargo on Libya, contributing to the country’s peace process.
Specifically, the Council issued the decision to start the EUNAVFOR MED IRINI operation as of April 1, 2020.
The IRINI operation will be primarily tasked with implementing the UN arms embargo via air, satellite and marine resources.
In particular, the mission will be able to board and inspect vessels off the coast of Libya, which are suspected of carrying weapons or related equipment to and from Libya, in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2292 (2016).
As a secondary task, EUNAVFOR MED IRINI will:
– monitor and collect information on illegal exports of oil, crude oil and petroleum products from Libya
– contribute to the development of skills and the training of the Coast Guard and the Navy in the missions to enforce the law at sea
– contribute to the disruption of the business model of human trafficking and trafficking networks through the collection of information and aircraft patrols
IRINI will be run by Fabio Agostini as EU operations commander and will be based in Rome, Italy.
The IRINI operation will run until March 31, 2021, and will be closely monitored by EU Member States that will exercise political control and strategic guidance through the Policy and Security Committee under the responsibility of the Council and the High Representative of the Union for foreign policy and security policy affairs.
With the launch of IRINI, the existing EUNAVFOR MED SOPHIA operation in the Mediterranean sea will cease its activities permanently.
It is recalled that the participants in the Berlin Conference on Libya on January 19 2020 pledged to adhere to and fully implement the arms embargo established by UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 (2011), 2292 (2019) and 247 ).
In this context, the Council reached a political agreement on the launch of a new operation in the Mediterranean, with the aim of implementing the UN arms embargo on Libya using aerial, satellite and maritime resources on February 17, 2020.
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