Ukrainian Crisis | Submission of peace plan by Italy
Defence Redefined
Published on 21/05/2022 at 12:00

The Italian government, through Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio, has submitted to UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, a four-point peace plan for Ukraine.

More specifically, according to the Italian press, the peace plan worked out by the Draghi government is based on the following points:

  • Ceasefire: The condition for the plan to take effect is the most difficult. It is about achieving a ceasefire between the parties involved since a simple, temporary truce is not considered enough. According to the Italian plan, the ceasefire should be accompanied by surveillance mechanisms and the total demilitarization of the front line.
  • Neutrality and the European Union: The second point concerns a multilateral negotiation on the future status of Ukraine. According to Italian Foreign Minister, Luigi Di Maio, it would be useful to achieve neutrality in Kyiv, with the provision of “political guarantees” by the international community. At the same time, this agreement should be compatible with the country’s accession to the EU.

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  • Autonomy of the disputed territories: An agreement is also provided on the disputed territories, with particular reference to Crimea and Donbas. This agreement will concern the sovereignty, the control of the territory, the legal status of these areas, and any autonomous government. Guarantees of historical and cultural identity will be provided. In other words, reference is made to the autonomy of the disputed territories, which does not contradict the sovereignty of Kyiv across the country.
  • Agreement on security and peace in Europe: The last point of the Italian peace plan is the signing of a new, multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, with a direct reference to the European Union’s relations with Russia. The main objectives are to ensure strategic stability, control of armaments, and the adoption of measures to prevent war. At the same time, the Italian proposal emphasizes the need to achieve a regime similar to that before the Russian invasion of Ukraine and – as a final step – the easing of sanctions against Russia.

“Unfortunately, we do not know the details of this plan at this time. I do not know if it was sent to us through diplomacy, but we were informed about it by the media,” said Kremlin spokesman, Dmitry Peshkov, in a first Russian reaction to Italy’s intervention.

With information from: CNN Greece

Also read: NATO | Sweden and Finland jointly submit membership application




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